how to protect workers in the unorganised sector
Businesses that are not regulated or taxed by the government and are not included in the government’s Gross National Product (GNP) make up the unorganised sector. The industry has been swiftly expanding, providing essential economic opportunities to low-income groups.
However, since the unorganised sector is hardly regulated, there is a higher chance of the low-wage employees getting exploited in whatever form it may be. There are a certain number of steps the government can take to protect individuals from potential harm, including terrible living conditions, inadequate salaries, and unfair treatment by employers.
By setting minimum wages
Minimum wage laws aim to combat poverty and address inequality, especially between men and women. They shield workers from inequitably low compensation and ensure everyone receives a fair portion of progress’s benefits.
By setting working hours and overtime rules
Since the unorganised sector is hardly regulated, the majorly uneducated and low-wage workers often get exploited. The working hours, therefore, need to be set according to the working capacity of the average labour, with overtime compensation if necessary.
By making low-cost, low-interest loans easily accessible
Better accessibility to loans of small amounts at low-interest rates will help the labourers, who were often getting exploited, start a small business and even employ their family members in the work – overall reducing the country’s unemployment rates too.
By maintaining an adequate level of vigilance
The vigilance agency must work meticulously to prevent malpractice and corruption in the unorganised sector, with a particular focus on addressing child labour and investigating how long workers are made to work in the factories.
By implementing strict law enforcement measures
Better enforcement of labour rules can level the playing field, improve efficiency, and lower work-related injuries. Both the central and state governments must work together to improve the overall welfare and social security of unorganised sector workers.
By uplifting living conditions
Workers from these unregulated sectors often earn less. If the government offers them education, a basic diet, health facilities, and medicines at no cost, the labourers can focus on building up savings and spending a little on things they are fond of.
By taking strict action against social discrimination
Awareness programs should be organised to shield workers from socially, educationally, and economically backward backgrounds from social injustice and all kinds of exploitation they may encounter in the unorganised sector.